Civil Right Act of 1964
Ben Cohen


Background Information: This act is an important piece of legislation. It was adopted for the purpose of helping African Americans. This act outlawed racial segregation in public, employment environments, and schools. It was also the predacesor to a different, and more contravercial event in civil rights. It lead to the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Comission. This was originally conceived when JFK made his civil rights speech in 1963. His goals were to put an end to racial segregation. This bill was proposed to congress on June 19. The bill was willingly embraced by both the house of reprasentatives and the senate. The house voted for it 290 to 130. The senate also passd the bill with a 73-27 vote. However, the bill was altered at the last minute and sexual discrimination also became a part of it. The votes remained the same. The effects ranged far. They basically counteracted the Jim Crow Lawa which had enourmous effects. Schools in certain southern areas were even required to have a certain number of students in classes according to race. However, the bill practically started a grudge in washington between those who agreed with it and didn't agree. The main players in this included JFK, obviously, as he proposed the bill. Also, Robert Byrd opposed it and even gave a speech about his opposition. Everetr Dirkson and Hubert Humphrey had drafted a slightly differed bill that was designed to attract more republican votes. Richard Russell, Mike Mansfeild, James Eastland, and Lyndon Johnson were other important players.


Civil Rights Act; Johnson, Lyndon B.

These were a series of remarks while signatures were being made for this document.

The economic costs of this event were minimal, but it did divide washington for a while. Regardless of this, there were plenty of good effects. The Jim Crow Laws were practically fully eliminated and racial equality had begun to take a hold in America. The only problem was that people began to practice racial equality by going through motions, and meeting requirements; they didn't necicarily have it in their hearts.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TU9J47cKunk.
This is a link to an educational video about, and in response to the civil rights act of 1964.

As for the long term effects, and its importance to the fight for civil rights, it was very important. This was actually one of the most important steps toward racial equality. It is in the constitution, and its not going anywhere, so it at least required people to act not racist. This has been continuing all the way until today. This gave African Americans equal opportunity in America, and eventually, the joining of social interaction over the years between these different races would lead to total, natural freindship.
http://www.audioandtext.com/ATA/transcripts/ATA_Sampler1_1960_01_01_1_Transcript.html