National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
By Brittney Miller

In 1908 the NAACP was formed to help create equality throughout the black and white communities, and still exists for the same purpose. It is the oldest civil rights organization and had the most impact during the civil rights movement. By the 1960s during the civil rights movements the NAACP had thousands of people involved in this organization for racial equality, and even included Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King as just a few of the members of this group.
NAACP Convention, 1929
NAACP Convention, 1929

(this picutre was taken at a meeting when W.E.B. DuBois came for a visit)



Key players in the begging- Ida Wells-Barnett(1), W.E.B. DuBois(1), Henry Moscowitz, Oswald Garrison Villiard, William English Walling led the "Call" to renew the struggle for civil and political liberty. All of these people majorly helped make as one of the biggest civil rights organizations of our time
· W.E.B. DuBois was an American civil rights activist, leader, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, and editor. He was one of the leading founders that was a significant help to the progress of this group

·
Ida Wells-Barnett- In 1909, Barnett was asked to be a member of the "Committee of 40," which established the groundwork for the organization now known as the NAACP. She was know for her crusade against lynching, but she died before the civil rights movement.


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This is one of the many protests against lynching that the NAACP was involved in.



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This is the national symbol for the NAACP.

Costs-A small step that the NAACP helped happen was the victory in Brown v. Board of Education, and ultimately lead to African Americans being able to got to school with Caucasian Americans. An African American by the name of Rosa Parks, a member got on a bus one day and was ultimately arrested for not giving up her seat. This one arrested let the NAACP take a huge step forward in creating equality, with the help of many people during the bus boycott. From this African Americans were able to ride the bus without segregation. By 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed, and NAACP persuaded more than 80,000 African Americans in Mississippi to register their right to vote, and this gave a lot of people hope that there might be total equality some day.

Long term gains
- the biggest long term gain of this entire group was that African Americans finally got the right to vote and was able to live as equals to Caucasian Americans. Thought America is still awaiting the day that there will be no racial equality this group is still working today for the civil rights of African Americans, in the biased society that we live in today. Today, the NAACP is governed nationally by a 64-member board of directors and as of 2004; the NAACP had approximately 500,000 members.

Influence of the Civil Rights Movement
- during the Civil rights movement NAACP was a tremendous key player. This group led the bus boycott, brown vs. board of education and funded events during the civil rights movement. Without this group of people supporting the civil rights movement it would have been a long struggle for equality.

Time line of key events

1909: W.E.B. Du Bois and other prominent activists found what would later become the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
1935: NAACP lawyers Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall win a case against the University of Maryland, forcing it to admit a black student.
1945: Houston wins a civil suit against the Enoch Pratt Free Library over its refusal to admit a black woman, Louise Kerr, to a training program.
1954: Marshall and other NAACP lawyers end the "separate but equal" doctrine in public schools with their victory in Brown v. Board of Education, one of the U.S. Supreme Court's most celebrated decisions.
1955: NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Ala. Her arrest helps galvanize the civil rights movement.
1960: Members of the NAACP Youth Council begin a series of sit-ins at segregated lunch counters in Greensboro, N.C. Their efforts lead to the desegregation of more than 60 stores.
1965: NAACP lobbyist Clarence Mitchell Jr. helps ensure passage of the Voting Rights Act, leading to widespread registration of black voters in the South

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external image naacp-boycott-dm.jpg
This is one of the posters that the NAACP wanted people to stop buying Wiedemann beer because the company wouldn’t employ African Americans. This is just one of their boycotts that they were responsible for creating.

List of only a few people that were members of NAACP(click liks for addtional info. on individuals)



**Name**



**Occupation**




**Known for**



Hugh J. Addonizio
Politician

Mayor of Newark, 1962-70
Reuben V. Anderson
Attorney

Partner, Phelps Dunbar
Dennis Archer
Politician

Mayor of Detroit, 1994-2001
Mario L. Baeza
Business

Baeza & Co.
Frank Ballance
Politician

Congressman from North Carolina, 2003-04
Andrew C. Barrett
Government

FCC Commissioner, 1989-96
Marion Barry
Politician

Crack-smoking ex-mayor of Washington, DC
Sanford D. Bishop, Jr.
Politician

Congressman, Georgia 2nd
Kenneth Blackwell
Government

Ohio Secretary of State, 1999-2007
Richard Blumenthal
Government

Attorney General of Connecticut
W. E. B. Du Bois
Activist

Civil rights activist
Julian Bond
Activist

NAACP Chairman
Barbara L. Bowles
Business

The Kenwood Group
Kay Boyle
Author

The Underground Woman
Sophonisba Breckinridge
Activist

Suffragette and abolitionist
Gwendolyn Brooks
Poet

Annie Allen
Heywood Broun
Journalist

Muckraking reporter of the 1920s and '30s
Roland W. Burris
Politician

US Senator from Illinois
Louis B. Butler, Jr.
Judge

Justice, Wisconsin Supreme Court
Bob Carr
Politician

Congressman from Michigan, 1975-95
Linda Chavez
Activist

Neoconservative activist, pundit
Erwin Chemerinsky
Scholar

Legal Scholar
Shirley Chisholm
Politician

First black woman elected to US House
Jim Clyburn
Politician

Congressman, South Carolina 6th
William K. Coblentz
Attorney

Coblentz, Patch, Duffy & Bass
William T. Coleman, Jr.
Government

US Secretary of Transportation, 1975-77
Cardiss Collins
Politician

Congresswoman from Illinois, 1973-97
John Conyers
Politician

Congressman, Michigan 14th
Richard Cardinal Cushing
Religion

Catholic Archbishop of Boston, 1944-70
Hal Daub
Politician

Mayor of Omaha, 1995-2001
Danny Davis
Politician

Congressman, Illinois 7th
Ossie Davis
Actor

Do The Right Thing
Drew S. Days III
Government

US Solicitor General, 1993-96
Ruby Dee
Actor

The Jackie Robinson Story
Julian C. Dixon
Politician

Congressman from California, 1979-2000


Other Protests Pictures

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This was a silent non violent protest that consisted of children in a church group.




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This is a march supporting NAACP during the civil rights movement.